Not a Victim wrote:I am very high on entitlement, the rest is normal. I did the test a while ago and don't have scores.
Entitlement, exploitativeness, and exhibitionism are the most maladaptive factors. Authority and self-sufficiency are the most adaptive. Authority is strongly correlated with self-esteem, optimism, and people who score high on it are described positively by others. I don't know where superiority fits in, but it's not as maladaptive as the three Es.
You could take it again, btw. It takes <5 minutes.
But how can one seriously use this test for diagnostic purposes? The questions are so obvious. If I am a narcissist (and they are very smart), I can easily pick the right answers to appear normal. And the other way around.
Also, the questions are often polarized. How about not A or B, but C?
You can easily lie. I assume they expect you to be truthful. They wouldn't use it in a context in which you'd be motivated to lie.
It was intentionally designed as a forced choice questionnaire. They realize that you may think that neither describes you or that both do. I had this dilemma with a few items. You choose the statement that fits you slightly better. Apparently, here are strengths of both forced choice tests and tests that ask you to rate your preference on a scale, but don't ask me to tell you what they are.
Research shows that the NPI actually works. Test takers must be honest enough overall. For example, high scorers on the NPI and low scorers have observably different autonomic responses to aversive stimuli. Additionally, the NPI has a moderate positive correlation with the Psychopathy Checklist (.33 to .34 on factor 1, factor 2, and total score). People who interact with high scorers describe them as assertive, dominant, self-assured, attention-seeking, manipulative, etc. High scores in authority and self-sufficiency are correlated with positive appraisals and high exploitativeness, entitlement, and exhibitionism are correlated with negative assessments.