, you'll be happy to know I don't want or ever plan to have children. Thankfully I do not suffer from the delusion that my children would "have to" love me. (My diagnosed BPD step-sister had children for that reason. But she actually turned out to be a really good mother, to everyone's surprise. I'm always impressed by how "normal" her daughters are, lol.)
(Pardon the interruption; back to the regularly scheduled program.)
I don't know where I saved/bookmarked everything, so I was going to try trolling through PMC...and good grief. Just type in "child abuse". (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/
"Fully 70% of the GSAD(Generalized Social Anxiety Disorder) sample met severity criteria for at least one type of childhood abuse or neglect as measured..."
"Significantly higher annual health care use and costs were observed for women with a child abuse history compared to women without comparable abuse histories. Total adjusted annual health care costs were 36% higher for women with both abuse types, 22% higher for women with physical abuse only, and 16% higher for women with sexual abuse only." (You'll note that one doesn't even include emotional abuse or neglect....)
"...fathers’ higher educational attainment and their positive involvement with their children most discernibly predicted lower maternal physical child abuse risk." (One from the other side - how a person can avoid post-trauma effects.)
"This study is the first to our knowledge that compares associations of child abuse with both depression and obesity in adults. [....] the fact that child abuse predicted two debilitating conditions in middle-aged women indicates the potential long-term consequences of these experiences."
"Those who were identified as maltreated by a combination of both prospective and self-report method s[...] displayed the most emotional and behavioral problems in late adolescence (i.e., 74% met diagnostic criteria for a clinical disorder)."
All of those were from just the first page of searches.
Here's a good general one for people interested: Child Abuse and Neglect:Diagnosis and Management
. Don't read it if you're especially bothered/triggered by this stuff...it's pretty blunt. Apparently one survey found that "17% [of parents] consider 'a sound thrashing' to be appropriate under some circumstances". *smacks forehead* Christ, even *I* know that's ridiculous
. (It also notes abuse is perpetrated almost equally by males and females, which is important, because I think women get away with it more often?)
Here's a part that I think is extremely relevant to NPD-raised children:
Emotional neglect and early childhood deprivation are the potentially most severe risk factors for impaired emotional or intellectual development and are also
found as cofactors in most cases of other types of child maltreatment. They are characterized by lack of recognition
of the child’s developmental needs and by the lack of a normal parent–child interaction.
Some more specific to NPD:
"The present study examines the effects of different types of childhood maltreatment on personality disorder symptoms in a sample of adults with no Axis I psychopathology.... These findings indicate that emotional abuse/neglect and physical/sexual abuse are risk factors for a broad array of personality outcomes..." It also said about 12% met criteria for a personality disorder, most NOS, with equal BPD, NPD, and "depressive" PD. Interestingly to me, the highest disorder was OCPD....
Another study cited personality disorders as putting teens at high-risk for suicide, Cluster B PDs in particular.
"in a community-based study, individuals who had experienced childhood physical abuse, sexual abuse, and neglect were over four times more likely to be diagnosed with one or more personality disorders during adolescence or early adulthood, even after age, parental education, and parental psychiatric disorders were controlled " It goes on to say "individuals who experienced verbal abuse during childhood were over three times more likely to develop borderline, narcissistic, obsessive–compulsive, and paranoid personality disorders". Hmm.
That last one slays me, really. Diagnosis aside, what are my most maladaptive behaviors? The ones seen with borderline, narcissistic, obsessive–compulsive, and paranoid. Gee.
Bottom line: children are our most vulnerable people. No matter how much is genetics, you are who you are because of your childhood.
I'll shut up for a while now.